Plant breeding is a knowledge and skill to create a better crop varieties for seed quality improvement , increased production , improved adaptation to environmental stresses and efficiency of the inputs , as well as resistant to pests and diseases .
Seed in the world of agriculture is an important part that can not be separated in the agricultural business . In recent decades this has been a very local genetic resources decreases and vice versa farmers depend largely by improved varieties . This has indirectly support the creation of extinction of local varieties that have resistance to local ecosystems . In addition the current farming conditions indicate that productivity is difficult to be increased due to land degradation and agricultural environments , so farmers should look for other alternatives by developing local genetic resources themselves.
Strengthening farmer plant breeding is a strategic step to increase knowledge and critical awareness , developing local genetic resources , and make farmers become Independent.
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