Participatory Enhancement of Diversity of Genetic Resources

/Participatory Enhancement of Diversity of Genetic Resources
Participatory Enhancement of Diversity of Genetic Resources 2017-07-21T12:37:23+00:00

PEDIGREA, (Participatory Enhancement of Diversity of Genetic Resources in Asia) focusing activities in the field of conservation and utilization / management of plant genetic resources of rice, vegetables, and local livestock. In the first year, the activities aimed at developing the concept and participatory curriculum for plant breeding of rice. In the second year, the activities developed for the management of genetic resources of local vegetables or vegetable marginal, the development of a data base of local vegetables, vegetable marketing studies and community seed banks. And in the third and fourth year focused on strengthening and follow up the results of the activities that have been carried out and the development of media and collecting rice farmer local varieties. Meanwhile, in the fifth year, activities focused on strengthening community registry, farmer-to-farmer dissemination, strengthening community seed bank and the development of genetically small livestock (goats).

 

PEDIGREA program arises because the condition of the agricultural past few decades , agricultural systems in Southeast Asia has experienced erosion ( erosion ) of genetic resources are outstanding. The need to increase food production in line with the increase in population has prompted the development of modern crop varieties and livestock in Asia ahead of western countries . This resulted in thousands of traditional varieties and livestock of local species to be reduced , even disappear from circulation . This resulted in the erosion of genetic diversity of plants and animals become increasingly narrow and affect gentik capital that will be needed in the future , in order to deal with new environmental pressures , climate change is occurring and also changing consumer tastes and cultural influence farmers in the future . Erosion also occurs on the knowledge , expertise and culture of the farmer . Dependence of farmers on the intake ( input ) outside , such as seeds , fertilizers , pesitisda , and breeding stock are rampant .

Past experience shows that agricultural productivity can not be increased continuously due to a decline in the quality of their own agricultural environment and increasing biotic and abiotic pressures. To answer the genetic resources available to farmers should be expanded and knowledge systems of farmers and agricultural cultivation practices are rooted in the local agricultural sitem needs to be strengthened. The program is also striving to reduce poverty. Poverty because of lack of material resources as well as the condition of helplessness (dependence, unconsciousness against oppressive structures, lack of confidence, etc.). Poverty is also a historical results and results from structural problems. It is expected that with the increasing role of farmers in mengelaola crop and livestock genetic resources will contribute to the empowerment of the farming community and eradicating poverty.

Therefore, the program PEDIGREA done, so that farmers can make a ideal seed in accordance with local conditions, so as to reduce dependence on other parties; strengthen the role of farmers in the management of plant and animal genetic resources, particularly in the case of a cross; enlarge the plant genetic resources on food crops and vegetables, and provide scientific foundation for developing a participatory plant breeding.

Some of the activities included are:

  1. Training for school field guides diversification participatory seed (rice and local vegetables)
  2. School field penganekargaman participatory seed (rice and local vegetables)
  3. Studies on the increase in the wealth of genetic diversity of local rice and vegetables.
  4. Monthly workshops guiding field school.
  5. Monitoring the implementation of Activities

The results obtained from the implementation of the program over a period of almost 4 years are:

  • A total of 11 farmer group has completed the SL breeding rice seeds scattered in 10 villages in 10 districts ( for more details see the profile kelompoktani ) .
  • A total of 11 kelompoktani have done SL breeding local vegetable seeds scattered in 11 villages in 11 districts in Indramayu
  • A total of 291 farmers ( 228 men , 63 women ) were trained in participatory rice breeding . And as many as 276 farmers ( 222 men , 54 women ) were trained local vegetable seed breeding participatory .
  • A total of 21 farmers’ guides ( 19 men , 2 women ) and 9 officers have agricultural FFS rice seed breeding . And as many as 20 farmers’ guides ( 18 men , 2 women ) and 10 had been agricultural workers FFS Breeding of Vegetable Seeds .
  • During the execution of SL breeding rice seeds contained 87 strains of rice from the ICRR ( 9 strains F3 , F4 24 strains , 25 strains F5 , 21galur F6 , F7 4 strains , 2 strains F8 , F9 2 strains ) and 15 strains F3 and F4 of the seed bank as material selection for group learning . Also obtained from crosses 85 F0 farmers .
  • A total of 153 from crosses have been done by 89 farmers ( 81 men , 8 women ) , with the details to Rendeng Planting season 2005/2006 are : hybrid results from crosses 86 , 21 from crosses had to F3 , 19 from crosses had reached 3 F4 and F5 from crosses have arrived . 8 Preservation of local rice varieties .
  • During the execution of SL local vegetable seed breeding there Emes A total of 29 species , 13 species of bitter melon , pumpkin and 13 species have been planted 4 types bonteng on Vegetable Seed Breeding SL implementation. Also obtained from crosses from crosses Emes were 21 , 37 from crosses pare , and 6 species have been obtained from crosses pumpkin.

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