Why Action Research?
When viewed critically, in daily life, people – especially marginalized communities – always filled with a variety of problems, both related to daily life and livelihood. The problem is, most citizens can only feel it, but do not know exactly why the basic problems and how problems arise and as a result they will bear. This is because they do not know how to prevent or solve them before they occur.
There are only two possibilities that could happen, that they are “silent” and trying to adapt to existing circumstances to become accustomed to, another possibility is “raging” because it was unbearable. Both of these reactions become favorable for the citizens themselves.
Therefore, people need a way to “clarify” the principal case problems they faced. This method is used to familiarize the public in view of the problems are not ‘black and white’ or outside parties regard them as enemies. Due to the fact that not all parties agree in seeing the problem. There is a kind of gradation in the determination of the attitude of other parties outside of them. Thus, in the process of completing the problems of society requires the ability to see the various parties that support problem solving
This action research will increase the community’s ability to master the growing issues, so it is not easy to get lost or misled by certain parties who have a bad purpose in the resolution of the problem.
How Action Research organized?
Action research as a methodology for building society movement has several stages and steps. This stage is usually performed in a special meeting of citizens or representatives of community groups. The following phases and steps:
- Stage One: Meeting of representatives of the group to gather issues. In this meeting, representatives of the group (participants) collects issues that developed in the region. Of the issues raised then classified based on the same issue. Furthermore, from the issues that have been classified earlier, then drafted priorities. For example: Which issues are urgent and important, which issues is rather urgent and important, which of the issues are not or less urgent. The next process is to determine the issue of the (most) dominant among the issues that have been identified urgent and important. The dominant size of them, is fundamental to society, affecting (involves) a lot of people, have broad impact if left unchecked, and the solution is able to do.
- Stage Two: Meeting to arrange plan of action research. Once the dominant issue selected, the next step is break down the issue for registering the data and information related to the issue that is not owned. From the lists that are composed, to back further in the list of questions to find answers, determine who the respondents (informants) will be reached for comment, when, and who was responsible.
- Third Stage: Implement research. This stage of the participants in the action research that has been divided into small groups to go into the field to search the data and information needed. Small groups can be divided based on the location of data collection, respondent, or other forms of data and information to be obtained. Documentation of data and information to prove to the way it was written, drawn, or photographed. Period of this action research can be done for some time according to the needs.
- Stage Four: Meeting to analyze the results of the research. In this meeting the participants tried to criticize the data and information obtained by trying to see what was wrong of issues to be solved, such as what should ideally discuss, and draft proposals. The draft has been arranged will be discussed again later to whom the draft is addressed at later stages of the dialogue.
- Stage Five: The “dialogue” to discuss the draft with the relevant parties. This activity is the “action”. At this stage participants will engage in a dialogue with the relevant parties such as the (representatives of) the wider community in the area, the local government, the regional legislature, and other parties directly related to the issue referred to. This dialogue can be followed by all participants and divided into small groups according to the parties will be invited to the discussion. Depending on the situation and needs. This dialogue aims to seek the support of the public or local authorities and the legislature and to influence decision making.
In order to make the participants were able to conduct a series of research activities with good action, required several training series, which are: analyzing the causal relationships and assemble a variety of data and information, interviewing techniques, and negotiation techniques.
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