Community Climate Change Response (CCCR) is a program that facilitates community / farmers how to respond to climate change in the scope of agriculture, as well as understand how the public perception of climate change. With the understanding and perception of society to climate change, the people will respond by adapting to the situation. Some adaptation measures undertaken will be reflected in the activities carried out by the Community
CCCR program implemented in cooperation between FIELD Indonesia and Oxfam Novib with the program period from January 2010 to December 2012. This program is conducted simultaneously in 3 Countries ie Zimbabwe, Ethiopia and Indonesia, for increased awareness and capacity of the farming community about climate change and their own choice to deal with these changes by adapting crops and crop varieties that are appropriate and fit in its environmentSeeing socio-economic change and culture at the household level and community-related adaptation of agricultural production to climate change, including from a gender perspective; Increasing awareness among national and international policy makers about the relevance, strengths and weaknesses of local resource management systems that related to food security and climate change; Improvement of cooperation between the community and the public research sector in achieving food security, crop adaptation and conservation of plant genetic resources; Improvement the practice of local climate change adaptation and mitigation capacity, by increasing genetic diversity of agricultural crops, as well as increased capacity for partners to undertake action-oriented research relevant to the policy, and the publication of results.
CCCR activities carried out in 3 stages over 3 years: the first year (2010) Preparation of the location of the learning program and curriculum materials, TOT guides, SL CCCR (farmers studies), CH observations (related to climate), supporting data search activities; The second year (2011) TOT, Follow-up SL and SL (study-study), such as drought stress test (screening), Salinity test rice varieties, crop varieties test Corn and Corn persilagan, policy workshop in an effort to seek support from their respective local government location, climate hasilpengamatan analysis by the community, the third year (2012) further studies and analysis of climate observations by the group.
Location of the program lies in the 4 villages in two districts, areas or locations that exist in each state has different characteristics. The locations are;
- Sampang Madura: Kedungdung village district. Muktesareh, Batu Karang village district. Camplong
- Indramayu District: District of Cantigi (Panyingkiran Kidul village, Panyingkiran Lor village, the Cantigi Wetan Village and Village Lamaran Tarung) and Sukaslamet village districts. Kroya.
Kadungdung village, sub-district Muktesareh located in the upper reaches of the Kemuning river. Watershed Kemuning started from the middle of Madura flowing to the south ended in Madura strait. There is no irrigation facility in Moktesareh, all agricultural areas are rain-fed areas. The source of water is too deep that it’s nearly impossible to be pumped to irrigate even for daily needs in some areas of this stream.Desa Batu Karang.
Batukarang literally means the sleeping stone. Batukarang located on the south coast of Madura. Soil fertility in Batukarang is very poor, with soil texture is sandy and contains organic ingredients less than 1%. Karst and geological limestone provide springs that quite adequate for the irrigation for some areas around onto rocks and water for household purposes.
Cantigi height of about 5 m above sea level. Cantigi located downstream of Cimanuk, which has a unique hydrological characteristics, because the river becomes narrow in the lower reaches. Catchment area of a narrow channel causing dominant enough storage to reduce the maximum discharge. Agricultural climate-related problems associated with hydrology is flooding during the rainy season and drought. Rising sea water from the ocean surface is also an issue in Cantigi. When the high tide sea water entered into the fields. As a result of rising sea water caused high soil salinity levels, so many crops (rice) that died due to the high salinity.
Sukaslamet village is the village that borders the forest, and an upstream area in Indramayu district. More than half of the productive land converted rainforest and dry land farming. On private land, rice is a common commodity. In addition to having a private land, farmers still have access to state-owned production forests by planting rice intercropping with oak or white wood.
There is no public land available in the area. Agricultural problems related to climate and drought in the dry season caused by soil erosion in the rainy season. If the delayed start of the rainy season or the rainy season retreat, this will greatly impact on people’s income. Mechanization plays an important role in this area, because it determines the time of land preparation and planting. Because this area is rainfed areas so that farmers are highly dependent on rainfall. Planting time depends on the number of tractors available in the village for cultivation. Adjustment of planting time at the village level to avoid pests, especially rodents and stem borer.
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